100 GK Very Important GK 100 Notes
100 GK Very Important GK 100 Notes – Here we have post some very important GK Notes ; 100 GK Notes. You can increase your GK by reading these GK Notes.
We have covered these topics in this post:-
– Scientific Theories Notes.
– Biology Facts and Notes.
– Earth Facts and Notes.
– Facts about the climatic regions of India Notes.
– Facts about Oceans Notes.
– Scientific Facts and Instruments Notes.
– Modern Indian History Facts and Notes.
Start Reading from here these 100 General Knowledge Notes.
1) Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal.
Scientific Theories Notes
2) Aufbau principle – It states that in an unexcited atom, electrons reside in the lowest energy orbitals available to them.
3) Charles’s Law – It states that pressure remaining constant, the volume of a given mass of gas increases or decreases by 1/273 part of its volume at 0 degree Celsius for each degree Celsius rise or fall of its temperature.
4) Bernoulli’s principle – It states that as the speed of a moving fluid, liquid or gas, increases, the pressure within the fluid decreases. The aerodynamic lift on the wing of an aeroplane is also explained in part by this principle.
5) Graham’s Law of Diffusion – It states that the rates of diffusion of gases are inversely proportional to the square roots of their densities under similar conditions of temperature and pressure.
6) Avogadro’s Law – It states that equal volumes of all gases under similar conditions of temperature and pressure contain equal number of molecules.
7) 4. Brownian motion – It is a zigzag, irregular motion exhibited by small solid particles when suspended in a liquid or gas due to irregular bombardment by the liquid or gas molecules.
Biology Facts Notes
8) The Cell was firstly invented by an English Scientist Robert Hook in 1665.
9) The blue- green algae is a special type of bacteria which are called cyanobacteria.
10) Ribosome is called the factory of protein.
11) The metal magnesium is found in the chlorophyll of plant leave and in the nucleus of the chlorophyll the atom of magnesium exists.
12) The algae which appear on the ice are called Cryptophytes,while which appear on the rock are called Lithophytes.
13) The smallest cell is Mycoplasma Gallosepticum, while the largest cell is Ostrich’s egg.
14) Pitcher plant leaves accommodate to trap the insects and modified themselves in the form of bags.
15) Cell -wall is completely developed and which is composed of cellulose.
16) The Largest banyan tree of Indian Botanical Garden, Shivpur (Howarah).
17) Lichens are the indicators of the air pollution and for the maximum pollution there exist no lichens.
18) Lichen is a micro-organism which co-exist between cyanobacteria and fungi.
19) Euglena is an organism which exhibits the characteristic of both plants and animals.
20) Father of Medicine – Hippocrates.
Earth Facts Notes
21) Rotation – Earth spins on its imaginary axis from west to east in 23 hrs, 56 min and 40.91 sec.
22) Types of Earth Movements: Rotation or daily movement and Revolution or annual movement.
23) Earth Rotational velocity at equator is 1667 Kilometers/h and it decreases towards the poles, where it is zero.
24) Earth Area is 510 million Square Kilometers.
25) Days and nights are almost equal at the equator.
26) The Earth also called Blue Planet. It is the densest of all planets.
27) The Earth average distance from the Sun is almost 149 million Kilometers.
28) Earth Circumference is 40,232 Kilometers.
29) On Earth the longest day in North Hemisphere is June 21, while shortest day (Vice-versa in South Hemisphere) is on 22 Dec.
30) The earth’s interior has three different layers they are the crust, mantle and the core.
Facts about the climatic regions of India Notes
31) Tropical Rain Forests in India. This is found in the west coastal plains, the Western Ghats and parts of Assam.
32) Tropical Savanna Climate. This is found in most of the peninsula region except the semi-arid zone in the leeward side of the Western Ghats.
33) Tropical Semi-Arid Steppe Climate. It prevails in the rain-shadow belt running southward from Central Maharashtra to Tamil Nadu in the leeward side of the Western Ghats and the Cardamom Hills.
34) Tropical and Subtropical Steppes. Its cover the large areas in Punjab, Haryana and Kutch region.
Facts about Oceans Notes
35) There is 5 Oceans in the Earth now.
36) Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the world’s five oceans.
37) Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world’s five oceans.
38) Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world’s five oceans.
39) Southern Ocean is the fourth largest of the world’s five oceans.
40) The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the world’s five oceans.
Scientific Facts and Instruments Notes
41) Hygrometer – An instrument used to measure the moisture content or the humidity of air or any gas.
42) Callipers – An instrument used to measure the diameters of wire, tube or rod.
43) Calorimeter – An instrument used to measure quantities of Heat.
44) Endoscope – An instrument used to examine internal parts of the body.
45) Eudiometer – A glass tube for measuring volumes changes in the chemical reactions between gases.
46) Carburettor – An apparatus used for charging air with petrol vapours in an internal combustion engine.
47) Thermometer – An instrument used for measuring the temperature of the human body.
48) Dynamo – A device which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.
49) Odometer – An instrument attached to the wheel of a vehicle, to measure the distance traversed.
50) Quadrant – An instrument used for taking angular measurements of altitude in astronomy and navigation.
51) Electrometer – An instrument used for measuring electrical potential differences.
52) Bolometer – An instrument used to measure infrared, or heat, radiation.
53) Crescograph – An instrument used for measuring growth in plants.
54) Cardiograph – An instrument used for tracing movement of heart.
55) Voltmeter – An instrument used to measure potential difference between two points.
56) Binoculars – An optical instrument used for magnified view of distant objects.
57) Chronometer – A clock that keeps very accurate time and determines longitude of a vessel at sea.
58) Gramophone – A machine for reproducing recorded sound.
59) Phonograph – An instrument used for reproducing sound.
60) Pyrometer – An instrument used to measure high temperature.
61) Pyrheliometer – An instrument used for measuring Solar radiation.
62) Lactometer – An instrument used for relative density of milk.
63) Microscope – An instrument used for magnified view of very small objects.
64) Periscope – An apparatus used in submarines for viewing objects lying above the eye level of the observer.
65) Photometer – An instrument used for comparing the luminous intensity of two sources of light.
66) Refractometer – An instrument for measuring a Refractive Index of a substance.
67) Spectroscope – An instrument used for Spectrum analysis.
Modern Indian History Facts and Notes
68) The Permanent Settlement was enforced on 1793.
69) Subsidiary Alliance was introduced by Lord Wellesley.
70) Annie Besant started the journal ‘The Commonweal’.
71) Dayanand Saraswati was the first to give the call for Swarajya – ‘India for Indians’.
72) Shyamji Krishna Varma founded India House in London and guided other revolutionaries.
73) In 1883 Dayananda was invited by the Maharaja of Jodhpur to stay at his palace.
74) Annie Besant joined The Theosophical Society on 21 May 1889.
75) Annie Besant started the journal ‘New India’.
76) Swami Vivekananda, known in his pre-monastic life as Narendra Nath Datta.
77) ‘A Study in Consciousness’ was written by Annie Besant.
78) Annie Besant was the author of ‘Esoteric Christianity’.
79) Jyotiba Phule was one of the prominent Social reformers of the 19th century India.
80) Sir Saiyad Ahmed Khan founded as Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College (MAOC) at Aligarh in 1875.
81) Swami Vivekananda graduated from Calcutta University.
82) Narayana Guru was the son of Madan Asan.
83) Aruvipuram installation was done by Narayana Guru.
84) Narayana Guru formed SNDP Yogam.
85) Gurudevan participated in the anniversary of the Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam held at Palluruthy in 1927.
86) ‘Swaathanthrya gadha’ was written by Kumaranaasan.
87) Shri Narayana Guru said Ask not, Say not Think not caste. Think only Gods.
88) Advaitha Deepika is the work of Shri Narayana Guru.
89) The Vernacular Press Act was repealed by Lord Ripon.
90) Sir Saiyad breathed his last on Sunday, 27th March 1898.
91) Swami Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission.
92) The Indian National Congress was formed 1885.
93) The culmination of the series of the uprisings was the Mappila revolt of 1921.
94) Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the founder of the Brahma Samaj.
95) Ramakrishna Mission founded on 1897.
96) Annie Besant started the Young Men’s Indian Association in 1914.
97) The policy of Doctrine of lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie.
98) Nirvruthi Panchakam was written by Shri Narayana Guru.
99) In 1875, Sir Syed founded the Madarsatul Uloom in Aligarh.
100) The battle of Balakot was in 1831.
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