What are the 3 New Agriculture Reform Bill in India?
There are 3 new farm laws in India which the government introduced in 2020.
The President gave his assent on September 27, 2020 to the three contentious agriculture Bills that were earlier passed by the Parliament.
Name of the 3 New Farm Laws are:
(1) The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act 2020.
(2) Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act 2020.
(3) Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020.
Key Points On New Farm Laws (Agriculture Bill) in India
- These reforms (Agriculture Bill) will accelerate growth in the sector through private sector investment in building infrastructure and supply chains for farm produce in national and global markets.
- Farmers will get better prices through competition and cost-cutting on transportation.
- These act were passed by the House and received the President’s assent turning them into laws.
- Government of India intended to help small farmers who don’t have means to either bargain for their produce to get a better price or invest in technology to improve the productivity of farms.
- According to the Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar “The Minimum Support Price mechanism will stay, and adequate protection of land ownership was in place to protect farmer interests”.
- The legislation on contract farming will allow farmers to enter into a contract with agri-business firms or large retailers on pre-agreed prices of their produce.
- The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020, seeks to remove commodities like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes from the list of essential commodities.
- The bill on Agri market seeks to allow farmers to sell their produce outside APMC ‘mandis’ to whoever they want.
- The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 allows the central government to regulate the supply of certain food items only under extraordinary circumstances.