GK About Indian Space Research Organisation
Hello GKQUESTIONBANK Readers. Today we have live this post on Great Indian Space Agency ‘ISRO‘ i.e, ‘INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION’ which works under the Indian Government and directly commended by the Prime Minister of India. In recent years ISRO made many world records in the Space and became the worlds more trusted Space Agency. But this takes time and a big journey is behind this today success of the ISRO.
Let’s read all about the ISRO
(Indian Space Research Organisation)
HISTORY OF ISRO
- ISRO also named as Indian Space Research Organisation is the National Space Agency of India. Around 49 years ago the ISRO was formed in India on ’15 August 1969′. Headquarter of ISRO is located in Bengaluru (in Karnataka i.e, state of India). Government of India setup a Space Commission and the Department of Space (DOS) in 1972.
- Department of Space reports directly to the Prime Minister of India. In 19 April 1975, ISRO built India’s first satellite, “Aryabhata” which was launched by Soviet Union Rocket at that time. On 5 November 2013 ISRO launched the Mars Orbiter Mission for MARS which entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.
- ISRO launched so many communications satellites and earth observation satellites in there Great Space Journey since started. On 22 October 2008 ISRO launched lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1 to study The Moon.
- In the Thiruvananthapuram, Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC) was Formed 21 November 1963 which is major space research center of Indian Space Research Organisation.
“Recently ISRO launched India’s latest satellite EMISAT by PSLV-C45. In this mission, 28 other Smaller Satellites of international customers also settled into there specified orbit.”
TOP MISSION OF ISRO
- After an agreement between India and the Soviet Union in 1972 the Aryabhatta was Launched in 19 April 1975 using a Kosmos-3M launch vehicle. This was India first man made (artificial) Indian satellite. This Spacecraft mass was 360 Kg(794 lb) which allowed the USSR to use Indian ports for tracking ships.
Ariane Passenger PayLoad Experiment (APPLE):
- APPLE was a communication satellite with a C-Band transponder made by Indian Space Research Organisation. APPLE was launched in 19 June 1981 and the mission duration was 2 years, 3 months. This Spacecraft launch mass was 672 kg.
APPLE satellite was launched by Ariane series rocket of European Space Agency. This was L-03 flight of Ariane series rocket.
- On June 12, 1990 the INSAT-1D was launched from Cape Canaveral (United States). INSAT-1D was a Communications and Cloud Observation satellite of India. Mission duration for this satellite was 7 years. This was built by Ford Aerospace. Satellite was deactivated on 14 May 2002.
- ISRO launched the 690 kg CARTOSAT-2A and 83 kg Indian Mini Satellite by this PSLV-C9 on 28 April 2008. This is the Earth observation satellite for the mission duration planned for 5 years. PSLV-C9 was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Center.
- PSLV-C34 was the 36th mission of PSLV program. Launched on 22 June 2016, 20 Satellite was launched by PSLV-C34. In this the 3 Satellite were from India and other 17 were foreign satellites. Total Payload mass were 1,288 kilograms.
- ISRO’s PSLV-C37 was the 39th mission of PSLV program. In this mission ISRO made a History in the space science. The record 104 satellites were successfully carried and deployed in sun-synchronous orbits. On 15 February 2017 the PSLV-C37 mission was done by ISRO. PSLV-C37 was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.
- On 29 November 2018 the PSLV-C43 was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota. PSLV-C43 carried and deployed a total of 31 satellites in the orbit of earth. In this mission the HySIS (Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite) was deployed in the sun-synchronous orbits which is an Earth observation satellite providing hyperspectral imaging services to India.
- PSLV-C44 was launched on 24 January 2019 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. This was the 46th mission of the India’s PSLV program. Kalamsat V2 (is the lightest satellite in the world) and Microsat-R was 2 satellite launched deployed under this mission.
ISRO’s EMISAT Mission:
- EMISAT is Electronic Intelligence Satellite of INDIA. This satellite was launched by ISRO’s PSLV C45. In this mission the total 29 other satellites was deployed in the orbit. PSLV-C45 was launched in 1 April 2019 from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota.
Note: EMISAT is developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation).
EMISAT is the satellite used for electromagnetic spectrum measurement.
Easy General Knowledge Questions and Answers About ISRO
Question No (1) The current Logo of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was adopted in which year?
Answer: Year 2002.
Question No (2) When the Indian Space Research Organisation was formed?
Answer: 15 August 1969 (Headquarters at Bengaluru).
Question No (3) Who is the Chairperson of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)?
Answer: Kailasavadivoo Sivan (K. Sivan) since 15 January 2018.
Question No (4) On 27 March, 2019 the successfully done the ‘Mission Shakti’. The mission is combined program of which two organisation?
Answer: DRDO and ISRO.
Question No (5) Indian National Committee for Space Research was setup in which year?
Answer: 1962 by Jawaharlal Nehru.
Question No (6) Vikram Sarabhai Space Center was formed in which year?
Answer: 21 November 1963.
Question No (7) What is the full form of GSLV and what was the first flight of GSLV?
Answer: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle and first flight was GSLV Mk.I on 18 April 2001.
Question No (8) What is the full form of PSLV?
Answer: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle and first flight was GSLV Mk.I on 18 April 2001.
Question No (9) ISRO’s most ambitious plan ‘Mars Orbiter Mission 2’ which is also called as ‘Mangalyaan 2’ is scheduled to launch in which year?
Answer: 2022-2023 time frame.
Question No (10) ‘Shukrayaan-1’ the mission for Venus by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch by which year?
Answer: Proposed launched in 2023 through Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III GSLV Mk.lll.
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