GK Important Notes Organizations and specialized agencies United Nations
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Today we have updated the GK Important Notes Organizations and specialized agencies United Nations in this post. Below you can read about specialized agencies of United Nations.
We have given the Agency name, their Headquarter and the current Head of the Agency. You can also check the Established date of the particular Agency in below GK Notes.
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|FAO||Food and Agriculture Organization|| Rome, Italy|| José Graziano da Silva||1945|
About Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO):- The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate arguments and debate policy.
This agency is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.
|IAEA||International Atomic Energy Agency|| Vienna, Austria|| Yukiya Amano||1957|
About International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA):- The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council. The IAEA serves as an intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology and nuclear power worldwide.
|ICAO||International Civil Aviation Organization|| Montreal, Quebec, Canada|| Fang Liu||1947|
About International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):- The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, its infrastructure, flight inspection, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation.
|IFAD||International Fund for Agricultural Development|| Rome, Italy|| Kanayo F. Nwanze||1977|
About International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD):- The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is an international financial institution and a specialised agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries. IFAD’s goal is to empower poor rural men and women in developing countries to achieve higher incomes and improved living.
|ILO||International Labour Organization|| Geneva, Switzerland|| Guy Ryder||1946 (1919)|
About International Labour Organization (ILO):- The International Labour Organisation (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all. The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO. The ILO registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules; however, it does not impose sanctions on governments.
|IMO||International Maritime Organization|| London, United Kingdom|| Kitack Lim||1948|
About International Maritime Organization (IMO):- The International Maritime Organization (IMO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping. The IMO was established in Geneva in 1948 and came into force ten years later, meeting for the first time in 1959. Headquartered in London, United Kingdom, the IMO has 172 Member States and three Associate Members. IMO is governed by an assembly of members and is financially administered by a council of members elected from the assembly.
|IMF||International Monetary Fund|| Washington, D.C., United States|| Christine Lagarde||1945 (1944)|
About International Monetary Fund (IMF):- The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., of 189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world. It now plays a central role in the management of balance of payments difficulties and international financial crises.
|ITU||International Telecommunication Union|| Geneva, Switzerland|| Houlin Zhao||1947 (1865)|
About International Telecommunication Union (ITU):- The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies. The ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world, and assists in the development and coordination of worldwide technical standards. The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks.
|UNESCO||United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization|| Paris, France|| Irina Bokova||1946|
About United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):- Is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information.
|UNIDO||United Nations Industrial Development Organization|| Vienna, Austria|| Li Yong||1967|
About United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO):- The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) is a specialized agency in the United Nations system, headquartered in Vienna, Austria. The Organization’s primary objective is the promotion and acceleration of industrial development in developing countries and countries with economies in transition and the promotion of international industrial cooperation. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.
|UNWTO||World Tourism Organization|| Madrid, Spain|| Taleb Rifai||1974|
About World Tourism Organization (UNWTO):- The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism. It is the leading international organization in the field of tourism, which promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in advancing knowledge and tourism policies worldwide. UNWTO generates market knowledge, promotes competitive and sustainable tourism policies and instruments, fosters tourism education and training, and works to make tourism an effective tool for development through technical assistance projects in over 100 countries around the world.
|UPU||Universal Postal Union|| Bern, Switzerland|| Bishar Abdirahman Hussein||1947 (1874)|
About Universal Postal Union (UPU):- The Universal Postal Union (UPU), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system. The UPU contains four bodies consisting of the Congress, the Council of Administration (CA), the Postal Operations Council (POC) and the International Bureau (IB).
|WBG||World Bank Group|| Washington, D.C., United States|| Jim Y. Kim||1945 (1944)|
About World Bank Group (WBG):- The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries. Its five organizations are the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). The first two are sometimes collectively (and confusingly) referred to as the World Bank.
|WFP||World Food Programme|| Rome, Italy|| Ertharin Cousin||1963|
About World Food Programme (WFP):- The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world’s largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security. According to the WFP, it provides food assistance to an average of 80 million people in 76 countries each year. From its headquarters in Rome and from more than 80 country offices around the world, the WFP works to help people who cannot produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group and part of its Executive Committee.
|WHO||World Health Organization|| Geneva, Switzerland|| Tedros Adhanom||1948|
About World Health Organization (WHO):- The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by 61 countries on 22 July 1946, with the first meeting of the World Health Assembly finishing on 24 July 1948. Its current priorities include communicable diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, Ebola, malaria and tuberculosis; the mitigation of the effects of non-communicable diseases; sexual and reproductive health, development, and ageing; nutrition, food security and healthy eating; occupational health; substance abuse; and driving the development of reporting, publications, and networking.
|WIPO||World Intellectual Property Organization|| Geneva, Switzerland|| Francis Gurry||1974|
About World Intellectual Property Organization (WIOP):- The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is one of the 17 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). WIPO was created in 1967 “to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world”. WIPO currently has 191 member states, administers 26 international treaties.
WIPO has established WIPOnet, a global information network. The project seeks to link over 300 intellectual property offices (IP offices) in all WIPO Member States.
|WMO||World Meteorological Organization|| Geneva, Switzerland|| Petteri Taalas (Secretary-General), Michel Jarraud (President)||1950 (1873)|
About World Meteorological Organization (WMO):- The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories. It is the UN system’s authoritative voice on the state and behavior of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources.
Note: Information original source is : Wikipedia as 29-Dec-2017 and we will update this post timely when there is any update found on these important notes.
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