Major Dates with Some Useful Notes About World History


Major Dates with Some Useful Notes About World History


READ: Major Dates with Some Useful Notes About World History in this post below.

The major dates with historical events from the world history are given in this post. Its very important to learn about world history for any exam preparations. Lets START Learn.


BC
10000-4000Development of settlement into cities and development of skills, such as wheel and pottery making and improved methods of cultivation.
5500-3000Earliest recorded date of Egyptian calendar.

First phonetic writing appears.

Sumerians develop a city-state civilization.

3000-2000Pharaonic rule begins in Egypt.

Completion of the construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza.

3000-1500The most ancient civilization on the Indian subcontinent, the sophisticated and extensive Indus Valley Civilization.
900-800Phoenicians establish Carthage.

The Iliad and Odyssey was composed by the Greek poet Homer.

400-300Pentateuch-first five Books of the Old Testament evolve in final form.
300-251Invention of Mayan calendar in the Yucatan-more exact than older calendars.
101-51Juleus Caesar (100-44 BC) invades Britain (55 BC) and the conquers Gaul, France.
776First Olympiad in the Greece.
753Rome was founded.
490Battle of Marathon, the Greeks defeated the Iranians/Persians.
327-26Invasion of India by Alexander, Battle of Hydaspes.
221Chin-Hung Ti ‘Universal Emperor’ in China, Great Wall of China completed.
55Invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar, the Great Roman General.
44Assassination of Julius Caesar by Brutus.
4Birth of Jesus Christ.
AD
29Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
43Roman conquest of Britain.
570Birth of Prophet Muhammad at Mecca.
622Migration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (hijira), Beginning of Hijira Era (Muhammadan calendar) on July 15.
800Charlemagne crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s.
871Accession of Alfred the Great to the throne of Britain.
901Death of King Alfred the Great.
1066Battle of Hastings.  Norman invasion of England.

William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandly, defeated the English king Harold II at Hastings.

1215Magna Carta or the Great Charter signed by King John II at Runnymede in England on June 15.
1280Gunpowder invented by Roger Bacon.
1431Joan of Arc, a brave French peasant girl, obtained victory over the English at Orleans. She was burnt alive at the stakes.
1443The Black death i.e., plague broke out in England.
1453The capture of Constantinople (the home of classical learning) by the Ottoman Turks compelled the Greek scholars to flee to Italy and other West European countries, where they spread  the knowledge of Greek philosophy and literature.

This was the beginning of Renaissance in Europe.

1486Bartholomew Diaz rounded the cope of Good Hope.
1492Columbus sailed on his first expedition to the West Indies which later led to the discovery of America (the New World).
1498Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese, discovered the seat route to India via the Cape of Good Hope.
1517Beginning of reformation.
1529-36Reformation in England under Henry VIII.
1564Birth of Shakespeare.
1571Battle of Lapanto.  Turks defeated by the Christian League.
1577Drake, the famous English Admiral.

Started his voyage round the world for the first time and phindered Spanish ships and ports in South America.

1588Admiral Drake defeated the Spanish ‘Armada’.

England became the ‘Mistress of the Seas’.

1600Establishment of the British East India Company in India (31st December).
1605Gunpowder plot in England to blow up the English parliament.
1616Shakespeare passes away.
1649Trial and execution of Charles I, beginning of Commonwealth.
1649-60The Commonwealth and the Protectorate in England.
1660Restoration of monarchy in England.
1665The great plague in London.
1679Habeas Corpus Act.
1688The Glorious or Bloodless Revolution in England. Despotic rule of the Stuarts ended, and the Parliamentary rule began. Establishment of parliamentary supremacy and abolition of the  Divine Rights of Kings.
1704Battle of Blenheim.  Marlborough and Eugene inflicted a crushing defeat on the French army.
1763Treaty of Paris.  It ended the Seven Years War (1756–63).  Weakened France, made England a great colonial power.
1776Declaration of American Independence and formation of a Federal Republic of 13 states called the Union States of America (July 4).
1783Treaty of Versailles.

England recognised the independence of the United States of America.

1789George Washington elected First President of USA. Beginning of French Revolution.

Fall of the Bastille Fort (July 14).

1798Battle of the Nile. The English under Nelson gained victory over the French.
1805Battle of Trafalgar.

Death of Nelson.

Battle of Austerliz – Napolean Bonaparte rounted a combined army of the Russians and the Austrians.

1815Battle of Waterloo – Napolean was defeated and exiled to St. Helena.

Congress of Vienna, it aimed at rearranging the map of Europe.  The Vienna settlement proved unsatisfactory, because  it disregarded national claims.

1827Battle of Navatino.

The allied fleets of England, Russia and France destroyed the Turkish fleet.  This victory practically secured the independence of Greece.

1833Emancipation Act of 1833.  It abolished slavery in the British dominions.
1837Accession of Queen Victoria to the throne of England.
1839Introduction of Penny Postage system in England by Sir Rowland Hill.

Aden annexed by England.

1854The Crimean War began, Russia attacked Turkey.

England and France came to the rescue of Turkey.

1861American Civil War started, Abraham Lincon elected 16th President of USA.
1863Slavery abolished in America.
1869Suez Canal opened for traffic.
1885General Gordon captured and slain at Khartoum.
1899Outbreak of the Russo-Japanese war.
1905Battle of the sea of Japan.

Japan inflicted a crushing naval defeat on Russia.  A wave of nationalism spread in Asia.

1911Chinese Republican Revolution.

Amundsen reached South Pole (December 14)

1914Outbreak of World War-I (August 4)
1916Battle of Jutland (Naval Battle).

The British Grand Fleet under Admiral Jellico defeated the German Fleet under Admiral Scheer.

1917Revolution in Russia (March/Febuary).

The Czar abdicated and later assassinated.

Reformist Mensheviks came into power (Prince Lvov, Kerensky).

(November/October) Revolution in  Russia. Revolutionary Bolsheviks came into power (Lenin).

1918End of World War I (November 11)
1919The Paris Conference.  The Treaty of Versailles.
1920Foundation of the League of Nations (January 10)
1921The Irish Free State established with the status of a Dominion like Canada (December 6).
1923Turkish Republic proclaimed with Kemal Ataturk as its First President.
1924Lenin died, and power passed into the hands of Stalin in Russia.
1925Treaty of Locarno (between Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Belgium).
1928Kellogg Pact (signed in Paris by the principal powers of the world for the prevention of war. It had no effect).
1933Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.
1935War between Italy and Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

Italy annexed Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

Plebiscite in Saar.

1939Germany invaded Poland.

Outbreak of World War II (September. 1).

1940Fall of France after German invasion (June 5).

Italy entered World War II (June 11).

1941Hitler invades Russia (June 22).

Framing of the Atlantic Charter (August 14).

Japan attacked Pearl Harbour (Hawaii Islands) (December 7).

USA entered World War II (December 8).

China  entered World War II (December. 10)

Air raids by Japan on Rangoon (December 22).

1942Capture of Singapore by Japanese forces (Febuary. 15).

Battle of Coral Sea, Japanese fleet suffered heavy losses at the hands of the American fleet (May 3).

Battle of Stalingrad (September.19)

1943Defeat of Germany at Stalingrad (Febuary. 8).

Battle of the Bismarck Sea, America defeated Japan in a naval battle (March 4).

Invasion of Italy by the Allies, Armistice between Italy and  the Allies (September 3).

1944Allied forces landed in Normandy under the supreme command of General Ike (Eisenhower).

Liberation of Paris (August-25).

1945Execution of Mussolini (April 22).

Unconditional surrender of Germany to the Allies (May 7).  USA dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan (August 6 and August 9).

Unconditional surrender of Japan (August 14).

World War II ended (August 14).

Foundation of UNO (October 24).

1947(15 August) India got Freedom.

We hope you learn all of these important notes about the History.
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Note: If you are preparing for IB Exams then read this post about World History Questions Answers. In this New Post we have updated 20 Questions of World History.
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