Most Important 50 GK History Notes for Government Examinations
Read these Most Important History 50 GK Notes to get success in government examinations. We have write here these important history 50 GK Notes and all these are very important and recommend to learn.
This post include history notes from Maurya Empire to India’s Independent activities in the Modern History.
You will get very important facts and major dates about the Great Indian History by these 50 Most Important GK Notes. So lets start Learn these GK History Important Notes and Increase Your General Knowledge about Indian History.
GOOD LUCK FOR YOUR EXAMS.
Note: You can also read about Modern Indian History Questions and Answers in this post.
Important History NOTES
(1) Chandragupta defeated Seleucus Nikator in 305 BC, who surrendered his big territory.
(2) Bindusara was son of Chandragupta Maurya and extended the kingdom further.
(3) Asoka fought the Great Kalinga war in 261 BC.
(4) The great Buddhist Stupa (at Bharhut in Madhya Pradesh) was built during the reign of Sungas.
(5) The most famous Saka ruler in India was Rudradaman (130 AD – 150 AD) famous for his military conquests and his public works.
(6) The empire of Kanshika was spread over the five countries i.e. Russia, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India and his capital was the Peshawar.
(7) Last Kushan ruler was the Vasudeva I.
(8) Samudragupta (335 – 380 A.D.) was the greatest king of Gupta dynasty and he is also known as Napoleon of India described by ‘V. A. Smith’.
(9) Chandragupta II known as ‘Vikramaditya’ (380-414 A.D.) issued the silver coins in the memory of victory over Sakas.
(10) Skandagupta : 455 – 467 AD was the last great ruler of the Gupta dynasty.
(11) Chalukyas (Karnataka rulers), can be classified into three eras – early western era (6th-8th century), later western era (7th-12th century), eastern chalukya era (7th-12th century)
(12) Vikramaditya II (733-745) defeated the Nandivarma II (Pallava king) to takeover the major portion of the Pallava kingdom.
(13) The Cholas (9th To 13th century) dynasty was popular dynasties of south India, ruled over Tamil Nadu to Karnataka some area covered.
(14) The Palas Empire (8th To 11th Century) was founded by Gopala in 750 AD.
(15) In the first battle fought at Tarain in AD 1191 between Prithviraj and Muhammad Ghori. The Second Battle of Tarain fought in AD 1192.
(16) After Tarain battle fought done Muhammad Ghori returned to Ghazni and handover affairs of India to his trusted slave General Qutbuddin Aibak.
(17) Qutbuddin Aibak was the first Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate. He was a Turkish slave by origin. India capital was Lahore at his time.
(18) Shamsuddin Illtutmish (1210-36) made Delhi the capital in place of Lahore.
(19) Shamsuddin Illtutmish completed the construction of Qutub Minar which was started by Qutbuddin Aibak.
(20) Razia Sultana (1236-40) was the daughter of Illtutmish and got first and only Muslim lady who ever ruled over the India after Shamsuddin Illtutmish.
(21) Bahram Shah (1240-42) was third son of Iltutamish‘s was killed by a Turkish nobles.
(22) Allauddin Masud Shah (1242-46) was son of the Ruknuddin Feroz.
(23) Ghiyasuddin Balban (1266-87) took up the title of ‘Zil-i-Ilahi’ known as ‘Shadow of God’.
(24) Allauddin Khalji was a Turkish Sultan of Delhi. He was the governor of Kara during the reign of Jallauddin Khalji.
(25) Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq of Qaurana tribe was the founder of Tughlaq dynasty.