Science General Knowledge Stephen Hawking Important 50 Facts
As we all know that ‘Stephen Hawking‘ who was the great Cosmologist, Author, Physicist and a Great Teacher for all humans on this Earth has been passed away on 14th March 2018 morning at the age of 76 years. He was the great contributor in today’s science technology around the world. In this post we will learn the Science General Knowledge Stephen Hawking Important 50 Facts.
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To give him salute about there great works we have choose the best science facts and general knowledge notes and life of Stephen Hawking. If you want Video on ‘Stephen Hawking’ then Go To Our YouTube Channel.
Read below the Science General Knowledge Stephen Hawking Important Facts
50 Important Facts about the “Stephen Hawking“
Note: 1- Full name of Stephen Hawking is Stephen William Hawking.
Note: 2- He was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford and his mother was Scottish.
Note: 3- Philippa and Mary was Hawking two sisters and one adopted brother, Edward.
Note: 4- Stephen Hawking and his family moved to St Albans, Hertfordshire in 1950’s.
Note: 5- Stephen Hawking and his friends, with the help of the mathematics teacher Dikran Tahta, they built a computer from clock parts in 1958.
Note: 6- Stephen Hawking began his university education at University College, Oxford, in October 1959.
Note: 7- Stephen Hawking, during 1965, he wrote his thesis on black holes. This thesis was approved in 1966.
Note: 8- Stephen Hawking obtained his PhD degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, specializing in general relativity and cosmology, in March 1966.
Note: 9- Stephen Hawking with James M. Bardeen and Brandon Carter, he proposed the four laws of black hole mechanics in 1970’s.
Note: 10- In the early 1970s, Hawking’s work with Carter, Werner Israel and David C. Robinson those strongly supported Wheeler’s no-hair theorem.
Note: 11- Stephen Hawking essay titled “Black Holes” won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971.
Note: 12- Stephen Hawking First book i.e. “The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time” written with George Ellis, was published in 1973.
Note: 13- Stephen Hawking moved into the study of quantum gravity and quantum mechanics in 1973.
Note: 14- Stephen Hawking presented about Black holes from 1974, showed that black holes emit radiation, known today as “Hawking radiation”.
Note: 15- Stephen Hawking was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1974 and at this time he was one of the youngest scientists to become a Fellow.
Note: 16- Stephen Hawking received the Albert Einstein Medal and an honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1977.
Note: 17- Stephen Hawking was elected Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge in the late 1970s.
Note: 18- Stephen Hawking and Gary Gibbons organised a three-week Nuffield Workshop in the summer of 1982 on “The Very Early Universe” at Cambridge University.
Note: 19- In a movement Stephen Hawking said that, “If the universe has no boundaries but is self-contained..then God would not have had any freedom to choose how the universe began.”
Note: 20- In 1993 Stephen Hawking co-edited a book on Euclidean quantum gravity with Gary Gibbons and published a collected edition of his own articles on black holes and the Big Bang.
Note: 21- Stephen Hawking and Penrose delivered a series of six lectures that were published in 1996 as “The Nature of Space and Time”.
Note: 22- Stephen Hawking popular-level collection of essays, interviews, and talks titled Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays was published in 1993.
Note: 23- A film version of ‘A Brief History of Time’, directed by Errol Morris and produced by Steven Spielberg, premiered in 1992 but was not widely released.
Note: 24- A six-part television series i.e. “Stephen Hawking’s Universe” and a companion book appeared in 1997.
Note: 25- The book “A Briefer History of Time“, which Stephen Hawking wrote in 2005 with Leonard Mlodinow to update his earlier works with the aim of making them accessible to a wider audience.
Note: 26- Stephen Hawking Book “God Created the Integers” was available from 2006.
Note: 27- Stephen Hawking along with Thomas Hertog at CERN or ‘European Organization for Nuclear Research’ and Jim Hartle, from 2006 on Hawking developed a theory of “top-down cosmology”.
Note: 28- In 2007, Stephen Hawking and his daughter Lucy published “George’s Secret Key to the Universe”, a children’s book designed to explain theoretical physics.
Note: 29- Stephen Hawking was awarded the Copley Medal from the Royal Society in 2006.
Note: 30- Stephen Hawking was awarded by the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which is America’s highest civilian honor in 2009.
Note: 31- Stephen Hawking was awarded by Russian Special Fundamental Physics Prize in 2013.
Note: 32- During his career, Stephen Hawking supervised 39 successful PhD students.
Note: 33- As per the Cambridge University regulations, Stephen Hawking retired as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in 2009.
Note: 34- Stephen Hawking created “Stephen Hawking: Expedition New Earth”, a documentary on space colonisation.
Note: 35- Stephen Hawking said in August 2015, that not all information is lost when something enters a black hole and there might be a possibility to retrieve information from a black hole according to his theory.
Note: 36- Stephen Hawking was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from Imperial College London.
Note: 37- Stephen Hawking married with ‘Jane Wilde’ in October 1964.
Note: 38– Stephen Hawking son, ‘Robert’ was born in May 1967. A daughter, Lucy, was born in 1970 and his third child, Timothy, was born in April 1979.
Note: 39- Stephen Hawking married with Elaine Mason in September 1995 after his divorce from Jane Wilde in 1995.
Note: 40- Jane Hawking published a memoir in 1999, “Music to Move the Stars”, describing her marriage to Hawking But Stephen made no public comment except to say that he did not read biographies about himself.
Note: 41- In 2006, Stephen Hawking and Elaine Mason quietly divorced, and Hawking resumed closer relationships with Jane Hawking, his children and his grandchildren.
Note: 42- A revised version of Jane Hawking book called “Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen” appeared in 2007.
Note: 43- Stephen Hawking had experienced increasing clumsiness during his final year at Oxford, including a fall on some stairs.
Note: 44- The diagnosis of motor neurone disease came when Stephen Hawking was just 21, in 1963. At the time, doctors gave him a life expectancy of two years.
Note: 45- In the late 1960s, Stephen Hawking’s physical abilities declined: he began to use crutches and ceased lecturing regularly.
Note: 46- Stephen Hawking preferred to be regarded as a scientist first, popular science writer second.
Note: 47- Stephen Hawking gradually lost the use of his hand, and in 2005 he began to control his communication device with movements of his cheek muscles, with a rate of about one word per minute.
Note: 48- Near the end of his life, Stephen Hawking was experiencing increased breathing difficulties, requiring a ventilator at times, and was hospitalised several times.
Note: 49- Stephen Hawking died at his home (Age of 76 Years) in Cambridge, England, early in the morning of 14 March 2018.
Note: 50- In August 2014, Stephen Hawking accepted the Ice Bucket Challenge to promote ALS/MND awareness and raise contributions for research.
Note: All Images Source: Google Images and text source is Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Hawking
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