Top 50 Inventions, Inventors and Descriptions


Top 50 Inventions, Inventors and Descriptions


Below is the table of Top 50 Inventions, Inventors and Descriptions.
Hope you will like these important information for your Exams Preparations. Its includes the 1500’s to present top 50 invention and there innovator with short descriptions.

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InventionInventorDescription
TelevisionJohn Logie BairdFirst working television system on 26 January 1926.
Theory of EvolutionCharles DarwinIn 1858 published a new evolutionary theory.
Atomic NumberHenry MosleyHe worked in Rutherford’s team at the University of Manchester.
RadioMarconiHe sent and received his first radio signal in Italy in 1895.
World Wide Web (WWW)Sir Tim Berners- Lee1989 and he wrote the first web browser in 1990.
RadiumMarie CurieDiscovered in Dec. 21, 1898.
LiftElisha OtisHe is known as inventor of the modern elevator. In 1852.
ElectricityBenjamin FranklinIn 1746 he discovered electricity.
GuitarAdolph RickenbackerIn 1932 he made the first cast aluminium versions of the lap steel guitar.
Blood GroupsKarl LandsteinerHe was Austrian scientist, who identified the O, A, and B blood types in 1900.
MicrosoftBill Gates and Paul AllenFounded on April 4, 1975.
TelephoneAlexander Graham BellIn March 10, 1876; transmission of clear speech by Bell and Watson.
Raman EffectSir C.V. RamanHelp in specific to the molecules which cause it, and so can be used in spectroscopic analysis.
PhotonAlbert EinsteinIn 1905 he discovered it.
Mobile PhoneMartin CooperInvented at 3 April 1973. He was Motorola researcher and executive.
Electric Light BulbThomas EdisonIn November 1879.
Laser PrinterGary StarkweatherStarted Develop this machine in 1969 and completed in November, 1971.
ThermometerDaniel Gabriel FahrenheitHe was German physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer in 1709.
Motion of PlanetsJohannes KeplerHe published his first two laws about planetary motion in 1609 and third law was published in 1619.
BarometerEvangelista TorricelliIt was invented in 1643.
X-raysWilhelm Conrad RontgenDiscovered in 1895.
GoogleLarry Page and Sergey BrinSeptember 4, 1998. Founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. Current CEO of Google is Sundar Pichai (since oct. 2015).
Quantum TheoryMax Plank, Niels Bohr, Albert EinsteinDevelopment of Quantum Theory started  early  in 1900’s.
AutomobileKarl BenzIn 1886, the first petrol or gasoline-powered automobile invented.
Heliocentric ModelNicolaus CopernicusPublished in 1543.
DynamiteAlfred NobelHe obtained patents for his invention in England on May 7, 1867.
IP AddressRobert E. KahnIn May 1974 he described an internetworking protocol for sharing resources using packet switching among network nodes.
PenicillinSir Alexander FlemingDiscovered in February 14, 1929.
BatteryAlessandro VoltaAround 1800, he invented a wet battery called a Voltaic Pile.
Periodic TableDmitri MendeleevHe and others people on 17 February 1869 made important contributions to the first Periodic Table.
ElectronJ. J. ThomsonDiscovered in 1897.
Vacuum flaskSir James DewarInvented in 1892 and it was  first manufactured for commercial use in 1904.
Theory of RelativityAlbert EinsteinFinal form of general relativity was published in 1916.
Electric MotorBritish scientist William SturgeonIn 1832 he invented the first commutator DC electric motor capable of turning machinery.
Fuel CellWilliam Robert GloveIn 1839 he discovered Fuel Cell and that was four large cells, each containing hydrogen and oxygen.
TelegraphSamuel MorseDeveloped in the 1830s and 1840s by him and other inventors.
Nuclear ReactorEnrico FermiHe built the first nuclear reactor in 1942.
TransformerOtto BlathyIn 1885 the ZBD model alternating-current transformer was invented.
Atomic TheoryJohn  DaltonHe developed an atomic theory in 1803.
Hydrogen BombEdward TellerFirst test On November 1, 1952.
TelescopeGalileoGalileo made his first telescope in 1609.
Air pumpRobert BoyleHe invented it for used to study the air pressure.
InsulinFrederick BantingCanadian physician Frederick Banting and medical student Charles H. Best discovered Insulin.
BohrNiels Henrik David BohrHe made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory.
Age of the EarthC.C. PattersonIn collaboration with George Tilto, he calculated an age of Earth.
LogarithmsJohn NapierNapier’s logarithms were published in 1614.
Magnetic TapeFritz PfluemerInvented for recording sound in 1928 in Germany.
Law of Motion & GravitationSir Isaac NewtonHe developed the theories of gravitation in 1666.
Cosmic RaysAustrian physicist Victor. F. HessHe was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1936 for his discovery of cosmic rays.
Electromagnetic TheoryHeinrich Hertz and MaxwellThey noticed that electrical fields and magnetic fields can couple together to form electromagnetic waves.

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